Demencia frontotemporal – variante conductual como diagnóstico diferencial de trastornos psiquiátricos primarios

Autores/as

  • Lizardo Cruzado Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental “Honorio Delgado – Hideyo Noguchi”. Lima, Perú.
  • Nilton Custodio Servicio de Neurología, Instituto Peruano de Neurociencias. Lima, Perú. Unidad de Diagnóstico de Deterioro Cognitivo y Prevención de Demencia, Instituto Peruano de Neurociencias. Lima, Perú.
  • Rosa Montesinos Unidad de Diagnóstico de Deterioro Cognitivo y Prevención de Demencia, Instituto Peruano de Neurociencias. Lima, Perú. Servicio de Medicina de Rehabilitación, Instituto Peruano de Neurociencias. Lima, Perú.
  • Serggio Lanata Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California. San Francisco. USA.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20453/rnp.v84i3.4035

Palabras clave:

Demencia frontotemporal, diagnóstico diferencial, trastornos mentales

Resumen

La demencia frontotemporal (DFT) fue descrita por Arnold Pick hace más de un siglo. Se trata de un tipo de demencia en el que predominan múltiples manifestaciones clínicas de conducta y lenguaje. Un primer subtipo, denominado demencia frontotemporal variante conductual (DFTvc) es  el más frecuente y, debido a sus variadas formas de presentación, puede ser confundido con cuadros psiquiátricos primarios como depresión, trastorno bipolar, trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo, psicosis de inicio tardío, trastornos de control de impulsos y otras patologías. En épocas recientes se ha desarrollado una importante y prometedora corriente de investigaciones clínicas, neurobiológicas y genéticas, que ofrecen fascinantes perspectivas acerca de este trastorno, el cual se constituye así, en un paradigma de las intrincadas relaciones entre neurología y psiquiatría. Esta revisión examina bibliografía reciente sobre la DFTvc, con énfasis en aspectos de su diagnóstico diferencial.

Citas

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2021-10-13

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1.
Cruzado L, Custodio N, Montesinos R, Lanata S. Demencia frontotemporal – variante conductual como diagnóstico diferencial de trastornos psiquiátricos primarios. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [Internet]. 13 de octubre de 2021 [citado 23 de junio de 2024];84(3):183-204. Disponible en: https://revistas.upch.edu.pe/index.php/RNP/article/view/4035

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