Medicina Conductual: Una revisión histórica.

Autores/as

  • Jonatan Baños-Chaparro Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Norbert Wiener. Lima, Perú.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20453/rnp.v85i1.4153

Palabras clave:

Medicina de la conducta, medicina basada en la evidencia, políticas públicas de salud, ciencias bioconductuales, revisión

Resumen

La medicina conductual es un campo interdisciplinario que involucra a las ciencias del comportamiento y ciencias biomédicas orientadas al estudio de la conducta, con el objetivo de prevenir y tratar enfermedades físicas, mejorando así la salud del ser humano. En el desarrollo del manuscrito, se precisa la evolución de los conceptos de salud y enfermedad a lo largo del siglo pasado. En este proceso, se mencionan los eventos que contribuyeron al surgimiento de la medicina conductual y posteriormente los que le sucedieron en sus primeros años de consolidación. Se describe y explica su actual desarrollo en entornos físicos y digitales, basados en evidencias, y el interés e importancia de cómo utilizar estas evidencias en la formulación de políticas de salud pública. El propósito de esta revisión es extender los principios y la práctica de la medicina conductual en la comunidad de habla hispana y resaltar la relevancia de esta disciplina en el campo de la salud pública.

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Citas

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Publicado

2022-03-21

Cómo citar

1.
Baños-Chaparro J. Medicina Conductual: Una revisión histórica. Rev Neuropsiquiatr [Internet]. 21 de marzo de 2022 [citado 23 de julio de 2024];85(1):29-37. Disponible en: https://revistas.upch.edu.pe/index.php/RNP/article/view/4153

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ARTÍCULO DE REVISION